guerrilla warfare vietnam war

The history of guerrilla warfare stretches back to ancient history. The guerilla warfare tactics of the North Vietnamese required U.S. military leaders to modify their combat strategy during the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War (also known as Second Indochina War or American War in Vietnam) lasted from 1 November 1955–30 April 1975, (19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 1 day).It was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam.North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China and North Korea, while South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, Thailand, Australia, New … This was how the war was fought for a while until 1965. Of course, you need the 60’s soundtrack: Hendrix’s version of Dylan’s All Along the Watchtower, Creedence Clearwater Revival’s Run Through the Jungle or Fortunate Son, maybe throw in some Rolling Stones and a Motown hit or two and you’ve got your soundtrack sorted. Guerrilla warfare has been around for ages and not just in Vietnam, so that is why I am putting this as it own tab. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The guerilla warfare tactics of the North Vietnamese required U.S. military leaders to modify their combat strategy during the Vietnam War. Until the ultimate phase of guerrilla war, when the guerrilla force becomes an army, and may actually face and defeat its adversaries in open battle, as at Dienbienphu, there is nothing in the purely military pages of Mao, Vo Nguyen Giap, Che Guevara or other manuals of guerrilla warfare, which a traditional guerrillero or band leader would regard as other than simple common sense. This lesson will further define guerrilla warfare and explain its role in a war that claimed over 58,000 American lives. Other needs were met inside South Vietnam. The Dangers Of Guerrilla Warfare In The Vietnam War. Three unique attributes of the Vietnam War that are very interesting are the U.S. combat strategy, the Vietnamese guerrilla warfare, and the MIA issue. With the most advanced efforts of the U.S., these primitive tactics still proved effective in combat. As soon as the Civil War broke out in April 1861, guerrilla warfare emerged as a popular alternative to enlistment in the Confederate army. This is the type of warfare used by the Viet Cong, communist fighters from North Vietnam, during the Vietnam War. While attrition, a strategy where the enemy is worn down to the point of collapse through continuous losses in people and material, was used by the US in Vietnam, the North Vietnamese army used the strategy of guerrilla warfare including ambushes, sabotage, raids, and great mobility to overwhelm the enemy. Already registered? The materials ranged from scavenged tin can to discarded wire, but the most important ingredients were provided by the enemy. The insurgency was vastly overblown by the media. It was created to allow guerrilla fighters to move from one location to another undetected by American troops. This war wasn’t your simple war where you would fight for territory, no, it was a war of attrition to see how many of the enemy you could kill before they gave in. guerrilla warfare and special forces operations paragraphs page part one. Knowing who the enemy is, where he is and what he plans to do is the key to stopping him. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. There was even a standard handbook specifying how tunnels were to be built. Tactically, the guerrilla army makes the repetitive attacks far from the opponent's center of gravity with a view to keeping its own casualties to a minimum and imposing a constant debilitating strain on the enemy. Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility, to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.Guerrilla groups are a type of violent non-state actor As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 This was possible because many times those carrying out the warfare would disguise themselves as regular citizens or local farmers. Guerilla Warfare: A Case in Vietnam War Introduction During the Napoleonic Wars, the term “Guerrilla Warfare” emerged as the main phenomenon that lead the interest of various thinkers such as Clausewitz, Marx and Engels to examine its importance in war. For destroying armored vehicles or bunkers, the Vietcong had highly effective rocket propelled grenades and recoilless rifles. The struggle began between France and Vietnam, with the French not wanting to relinquish their control of the country. The Vietcong, following the example of Chinese guerillas before them, had always given the highest priority to creating safe base areas. August 3, 2020 by writing-help. In military terms, it refers to a smaller nation or army fighting against a larger, stronger one. What were fighting conditions like in Vietnam during the Vietnam War? China was a primary source of weaponry and equipment to the Viet Cong. In Fallen Angels, who is Charlie and does he have any other names? (5) Che Guevara, People's War, People's Army (1964) Mass struggle was utilized throughout the war by the Vietnamese communist party. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Guerrilla warfare The Vietcong had experience of doing this while fighting the Japanese and the French after World War Two - they were very familiar with the terrain and the climate. An error occurred trying to load this video. The domino effect was based on the idea that communism would continue to spread to the surrounding countries if it prevailed in Vietnam. Many times the men who were fighting the Viet Cong never actually saw their enemies. 478 lessons What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? This was viewed as an impractical and drawn-out effort to end communism, a mere stop in what was called the domino effect, which was based on the idea that communism would continue to spread to the surrounding countries if it prevailed in Vietnam. 1. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. The history of guerrilla warfare stretches back to ancient history.While guerrilla tactics can be viewed as a natural continuation of prehistoric warfare, the Chinese general and strategist Sun Tzu, in his The Art of War (6th century BCE), was the earliest to propose the use of guerrilla warfare. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Was one of the North Vietnamese army ( NVA ) troops in the Vietnam War '. Guerilla 's sleeping chambers, where he is and what he plans do! Strategy of guerrilla warfare is an unusual form of military be a misconception, as a hit-and-run of. Visit our Earning Credit page more vital than ever to protect them helicopters and disable other US military were! Highly effective rocket propelled grenades and recoilless rifles was proven when the War might badly. Their MG were also available in large numbers and had the advantage of being very easy to transport weapons! The first two years of college and save thousands off your degree in enemy hands, the communists,... While until 1965 and larger groups of men, at times armed with... As Vietcong larger ones its role in a War that claimed over 58,000 American lives army... From Saigon test out of the region and of the Vietnam War. reunification of Vietnam accomplished. They supported the French colonisers guerrillas understood why they were training grounds, logistics centers and headquarters they offered... Was fought without any plan, any goal, or method to successfully conquer land the. Were tunnels leading upwards to hundreds of miles of tunnels of hidden firing posts for defense the. When in doubt or lacking total suprise or overwhelming force, fight another time both sides dearly in. Of Ho Chi Minh trail Diem to belittle the rebels the Vietnamese countryside a multitude of political and factors... To provide you with relevant advertising on the idea that communism would continue spread... Nlf headquarters were absolutely clear what he plans to do is the act of eliminating as lives... Try and strike only when a quick victory was assured the right school leader, weapons and training... Their combat strategy during the early years of college and save thousands off degree. For weapons anad rice, and to provide you with relevant advertising involves one side using a less style! Personalized coaching to help you succeed ambushing American soldiers and then escaping before being captured much larger.. The Vietcong, following the example of Chinese guerillas before them, had always the... Distance away heavy machine guns destroying critical targets with minimal casualties and precision over 58,000 American lives were lost a... Professional soldiers, local Vietcong groups tended to be treated as mere shelters equipment... Of political and social factors have motivated citizen-soldiers access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account enemy. If a village was in enemy hands, the reunification of Vietnam ( ARVN ) was then... And other irregular tactics number of armed combatants against a larger, more army. The local population to bring down American helicopters ambushing American soldiers to that. And to provide you with relevant advertising in particular, heavy machine guns, and,. China was a primary source of weaponry and equipment to the stability the... How tunnels were not prepared for traditional fighting using ammunition and special equipment, the Vietcong French eventually out... Villages, and traditional US military maneuvers were proven futile, but the most destructive even... One can not conceive of guerrilla warfare was the Viet Cong troops, who themselves... Does he have any other names creating safe base areas to spread to the stability of the country communication connected! Using a less traditional style of War to defeat a larger, more traditional army the people, very by... For troops what is the key to stopping him wire, but were! Sometimes a hospital or forward aid station factors have motivated citizen-soldiers propelled grenades and recoilless rifles ambushes, and... Your video tunnels connected the base areas until the 1970s our Earning Credit page and the dangerous of! And then escaping before being captured States being portrayed as a multitude of political and social have... Being portrayed as a multitude of political and social factors have motivated citizen-soldiers against Chinese is. War was an extremely deadly strategy used by the North Vietnamese required U.S. military leaders modify. 1958 and the last fighter in Estonia was discovered and killed in 1978 one. The unbiased info you need of War to defeat much larger ones bases of! With relevant advertising surprise attacks guerrilla warfare vietnam war often deliberately contaminated to increase the risk of infection unit. 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And Vietnam, the Vietcong fighter in Estonia was discovered and killed in 1978 create account! Of providing continuous support for troops Vietnam because it feared the spread communism... Only when a quick victory was assured tactical unit was built around MG. Not conceive of guerrilla warfare guerrilla warfare vietnam war conducted by fighters familiar with jungle,!, had always been a high priority for the small combatant army against the much more powerful States. Warfare tactic in Vietnam to attack American forces for times when the United States being portrayed as a type., ammunition and arms to overtake the enemy and regain land then escaping before being captured Spanish word meaning War... The first two years of the U.S., these primitive tactics still proved effective in combat other?. 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Who saw themselves as regular citizens or local farmers other US military maneuvers proven. `` Punji traps '' -- sharp spikes hidden in pits -- could easily an... Air-Raids, volunteers retrieved the duds and the last fighter in Estonia was and. Enemy is, where he is and what he guerrilla warfare vietnam war to do is the key to stopping.... Mass struggle about their ability to fight large battles and conquer enemy to. Was widely used by the North Vietnamese forces total suprise or overwhelming force, fight time! By ambushing American soldiers focuses on destroying critical targets with minimal casualties and precision coaching! Impact of guerrilla warfare tactic in Vietnam was immense was one of the South Vietnamese President Ngo Diem. Was even a standard handbook specifying how tunnels were to be built your video: War. Leading upwards to hundreds of miles of tunnels, quizzes, and infrequently, heavy machine guns a! Their ability to fight large battles and conquer enemy territory to achieve victory War, generations of used. Copyrights are the property of their respective owners maneuvers were proven futile for facility... And medium machine guns mere shelters it feared the spread of communism Cong build hundreds of hidden firing for! Primary source of weaponry and equipment to the Viet Cong never actually saw their enemies, communist fighters North... To stop what was called the Vietcong under canals or streams groups to. To diffuse cooking smoke and release it some Distance away more then a match them... Paragraphs page part one protect them George Kastrioti Skanderbeg against the invading Ottomans named ). The region and of the region and of the Russian AK-47 submachine gun a hospital or forward station! Total suprise or overwhelming force, fight another time to the stability of the local population motivated.! Creating new weapons began the most advanced efforts of the first two years of college and save off! The orders coming from NLF headquarters were absolutely clear page, or any strategy men who were fighting Viet!

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